Communities in DSpace

Select a community to browse its collections.

Recent Submissions

Ilorin Journal Of History and International Studies
(Department of History and International Studies, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria, 2023) Ilorin Journal Of History and International Studies
Evaluation of the utilization of nursing process and patient outcome in psychiatric nursing: Case study of psychiatric Hospital Rumuigbo, Port Harcourt
(Pelagia Research Library, 2013) Joel Adeleke Afolayan, Bitrus Donald, Dume Major Baldwin, Olayinka Onasoga and Adeyanju Babafemi
The nursing process, upon introduction by North American Nurses Diagnosis Association (NANDA) has proved to be a means of standardizing nursing care and in maintaining professional autonomy. However, despite its benefits, many nurses are yet to fully understand and put to practice the nursing process. This may have led to poor patient care and outcome; and it is the basis for this study which evaluated the utilization of the nursing process and patient outcome at Neuro Psychiatric Hospital Rumuigbo. Data was collected using a structured questionnaire of the Likert type, and analysis of findings was done using percentages and non-parametric statistics t-value. Findings from the study showed that although the trained nurses at the hospital had good theoretical knowledge of the nursing process, they did not apply it in the care of their patients. There are several challenges to this lack of application including inadequate practical knowledge, inadequate staff, work overload, management's inability to provide the needed materials among others. It was recommended that the Nursing and Midwifery Council of Nigeria should embark on regular seminars, workshops and symposia focused on practical implementation of the nursing process in Nigeria. Non implementation of the nursing process especially in the psychiatric hospital the study maintained would compound the burden of disease on relations, promote relapse and chronicity
Adolescents’ Knowledge, Attitude and Utilization of Emergency Contraceptive Pills in Nigeria’s Niger Delta Region
(International Journal of MCH and AIDS, 2016) Olayinka A. Onasoga, MSc., FWACN; Joel Adeleke Afolayan, PhD, FWACN; Tariebi Florence Asamabiriowei, BNSc; Umar Nda Jibril, PhD, FWACN; Abubakar Ayinla Imam, MSc, FWACN
Background and Objective: Risky sexual activity among adolescents is on the increase and contraceptive prevalence rate is low which is evidenced by high rate of teenage pregnancy in Bayelsa state, Nigeria. This study assesses the adolescents’ knowledge, attitude and utilization of emergency contraceptive pills (ECP) in Amassoma Community, Bayelsa State, in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. Methods: The study was a descriptive cross-sectional research design. A purposive sampling technique was used to select a sample of 220 respondents from the target population. Data were collected using a self-structured questionnaire. Descriptive and inferential statistics were used to analyze the data generated. Results: Majority of the respondents had high level of knowledge and positive attitude towards emergency contraceptive pills but had low level of utilization. Concerns about what others may say, parental attitude, contraceptive availability, contraceptive accessibility, and peer influences were the major factors that influenced the utilization of contraceptive pills. There was no significant relationship between knowledge and utilization of emergency contraceptive pills, as well as level of knowledge and their utilization of emergency contraceptive pills. Conclusions and Global Health Implications: Adolescents in the study were more likely to use emergency contraceptive pills, if parents and others reaction to adolescents’ contraceptive use were positive about those. Health care professionals, especially nurses, should organize enlightenment programs to educate adolescents, parents and the public on the benefits of adolescents’ contraceptives use, especially ECP.
Wellbeing elements leading to resilience among undergraduate nursing students
(International Journal of Africa Nursing Sciences, 2017) T. Abiola, H.O. Olorukooba, J. Afolayan,
(Sierra Leone Journal of Biomedical Research, 2016) JOEL, Adeleke Afolayan (PhD)1; ONASOGA, Olayinka A. (MScN)1; REJUARO, F. M. (PhD)1; YUSUF, Abdur-Rashid Gambari (BNSc)1; CHIBUIKE, Onuabueke (BNSc) 2
Background: Postpartum depression (PPD) is a global childbirth-related problem that affects many women and if ignored can have long-term adverse consequences, for both mother and child. Therefore, timely identification of its risk factors requires a good knowledge base for the care provider. Methods: A descriptive cross sectional study was used to assess the knowledge of PPD and its associated risk factors among nurse-midwives in a tertiary hospital in Bayelsa State, Nigeria. A systematic random sampling technique was used to select a sample size 114 nurse-midwife respondents. A well-structured questionnaire was used to collect data from the participants. The same were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics with level of significance was set at 0.05(5%). Findings: Despite the fact that majority of nurse-midwives rated their information level on postpartum depression as moderate, most of them still maintained that cigarette smoking, unwanted pregnancy, poor economic status cannot predispose a woman to PPD. Furthermore, majority affirmed that Edinburg Postnatal Depression Scale (EPDS) can be used to screen for PPD yet only about half of the respondents opined that PPD tendency can be detected during pregnancy and less than half of them affirmed that a score of > 10 using the EPDS indicates depression. The study also found significant relationship between educational qualification and level of information about PPD and its associated risk factors. Conclusion: The level of knowledge of nurse-midwives is not at the expected level since majority still have knowledge deficit regarding risk factors and how to detect PPD. Hence, it was recommended that periodic suitable training programs on PPD should be developed for healthcare professionals especially for nurse- midwives who are the first point of contact during antenatal, labour and post-natal period.