Iloneoside: a cytotoxic ditigloylated pregnane glycoside from the leaves of Gongronema latifolium Benth.

Gyebi, G.A., ; Adebayo, J.O., ; Olorundare, O.E., ; Pardede, A., ; Ninomiya, M., ; Afolabi, O. S., ; Babatunde, A.S., ; Koketsu, M. (2018)


Gongronema latifolium Benth (Asclepiadaceae) is an edible-green-leafy vegetable with known medicinal value. A chemical investigation of the 80% methanolic extract of the leaves led to the isolation of a new pregnane glycoside: iloneoside (3-O-[6-deoxy-3-O-methyl-β-D-allopyranosyl-(1→14)-β-D-oleandropyranosyl]-11,12-di-O-tigloyl-17β-marsdenin), together with four known constituents. Their chemical structures were determined by spectroscopic analysis. The isolates were tested for their in vitro growth inhibitory activity against human leukemia HL-60 cells. Iloneoside was the most active and gave apoptotic response. Molecular docking analysis demonstrated that iloneoside could be accommodated within hot spots of anti-apoptotic protein Bcl-2. These results suggest G. latifolium as a reliable source of potent anticancer compounds.