The other side of the coin- Dimensions, implications, explanations and control of female involvement in the perpetration of Gender based violence in Nigeria

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Introduction The American Heritage Dictionary of English Language defines violence as "physical force exerted for the purpose ot violating, damaging, or abusing." Of particular interest to this paper, however, is the gender dimension ot violence, i.e. Gender-Based Violence (GBV). Gender-Based Violence (GBV) relers to crimes targeting specific groups of people primarily on account of their being females or males. More often than not, such crimes are inflicted by the male against the female. Indeed, researches show that females are three to six times more likely to experience sexual abuse than males (Pickup, 2011). Although it could also be because male victimisation is under-reported on account of its inconsistency with the cultural belief that men should be able to defend themselves (Kaur & Sokhey, 2011) Consequently, the term GBV is generally conceptualised as violence directed against women and girls primarily because they are females; and used interchangeably with the term Violence against Women. In the same vein, discussions on violation of human rights have, over the years, been coined to be synonymous with violence against women and this has become a global malaise. It is common to see and hear about women being violated in different facets of life by their male counterparts, be it their fathers, brothers, husbands or, for that matter, total strangers (Nnadi, 2012).



Violence, Gender-Based, Female, Crime, Society, Nigeria