Attitude of Military and Paramilitary Officers towards the Role of Arabic Language in Addressing Security Issues in Nigeria

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International Islamic University, Malaysia


This study is a descriptive research that addresses the role of Arabic in handling security issues in Nigeria and the attitude of security officers towards this role. Arabic plays a significant role in addressing security challenges because it has the ability to solve problems between groups of people by ensuring an atmosphere of understanding and peaceful co-existence. The study's population consisted of all Nigerian military and paramilitary officers. Using stratified random sampling, 50 officers were selected from the Nigerian army, air force, police, and civil defense corporations in the North-east totaling 200 respondents altogether. One research question and one hypothesis guided the study. An “Arabic Language Education and National Security Questionnaire” questionnaire, with a reliability of 0.76, was used to collect data. Descriptive statistics in the forms of frequencies and percentages were used to answer the research question, while one-way ANOVA was used to test the hypothesis at 0.05 significance level. The findings reveal a significant difference in the perceptions of Nigerian military and paramilitary officers regarding the role of Arabic in tackling security issues. It was recommended, among others that, the government recognize Arabic as a language equal in rank to English in Nigeria and utilize it as a medium of communication and instruction. The study suggests that Arabic be incorporated into the in-house training for military and paramilitary officers in charge of Nigerian national security.


International Journal of Educational Studies (IJES) is a Publication of is a Publication of Islamic University, Malaysia. Online at https://www.ijes.v6i


Nigerian national security, role of Arabic language, Arabic as a language of peace, Arabic for communication, military and paramilitary forces, security challenges in Nigeria