Mother Tongue as an Essential Tool for Implementing Basic Schools Pupils' Performance in Elementary Mathematics in Oyo Nigeria

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The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of mother-tongue (Yoruba language) on basic school pupils' performance in basic elementary mathematics. Quasi-experimental design of the type pre-test, post-test, non-randomized and non-equivalent control group was used. The population for the study were all the basic two elementary pupils in Afijio local government area of Oyo state. The target population was 63 pupils from two selected basic schools in Afijio local government area. Purposive sampling technique was used to select the school for the experimental study while random sampling was used to select other school, intact class were used in both schools. The instruments used were basic elementary mathematics performance test (BEMPT) and basic elementary mathematics retention performance test (BEMRPT). The instruction lasted for 8 weeks, using a unified basic two elementary mathematics syllabus, designed by the Federal Ministry of Education. The test-retest method was employed for the reliability of the test instruments. The Pearson Product Moment Correlation Coefficient (r) was 0.86. Data collected were analyzed using t-test and analysis of covariance (ANCOVA). Three hypothesis guided this study and findings revealed a significant difference in performance retention and ability level using mother tongue as means of instruction among others, it was recommended that mother-tongue is an important ingredient to teaching and learning of basic elementary mathematics in primary schools.



Mother tongue, Mathematics, Performance


Adeniji S. M., Saddiq, K, Ameen K. S . & Salman M. F (2019):Mother tongue as an essential tool for improving basic schools pupils’ performance in elementary Mathematics in Oyo, Nigeria. . Proceeding of the 56th Annual National Conference of the Mathematical Association of Nigeria (MAN), , (eds.) 630-636 Published by ABACUS Mathematical Association of Nigeria