Causes and Effects of Abandoned Build-Operate-and-Transfer (BOT) Hostel Building Projects in Public Universities: A Case Study of University of Ilorin, Nigeria

Oladimeji, S. B. ; Joseph, O. P. ; Suleiman, A.R. ; Alomaja, J.A. (2021-12)


In Nigerian public universities, there are acute shortage of on-campus student accommodation. However, the introduction of Private Public partnership through Build Operate-and-Transfer (BOT) scheme has yielded a lot of positive results in reducing the gap created by shortage of student accommodation. The success recorded by this programme is been threatened by the abandonment of some of the BOT hostel projects in public universities. Majority of these projects are either abandoned, neglected or uncompleted. This study examined the causes of such abandonment and its adverse effect on university environment. The study uses the University of Ilorin as a case study. Review of other researchers concepts, findings and theories were carried out. Structured questionnaires and observations are the primary data acquired for the research work. About 120 questionnaires were directly distributed to elicit responses from various stakeholders in other to find out reasons for the abandonment of these projects. Analysis of data collected was done by percentage, frequency counts and pie chart. Issues relating to financial misappropriation by the developer were identified as one of the major reasons that contributed to the abandoned projects at the University of Ilorin as agreed by the respondents. 103 respondents (87.29%) agreed that most of these abandoned projects were abandoned as a result of financial problem, while only 15 (12.71%) disagreed. It was concluded that socio – economic and environmental wellbeing of the university community and effect on the components of the buildings may be negatively impacted if drastic measure is not taken to stop the trend. The study therefore recommends a robust terms and condition in the agreement to be signed by developers and the university authority in order to forestall future abandonment of BOT projects.