School variables and upper basic students’ performance in Social Studies in Ilorin, Kwara State

Olokooba, Issa Nasiru (2020-09)

The article is empirical.


This study investigated influence of school variables on Upper Basic students' performance in Social Studies in Ilorin, Kwara State. The study adopted descriptive survey method. Stratified Random Sampling Technique was employed to select six upper basic schools consisting of public and private, single and co-educational as well as day and boarding schools in Ilorin, Kwara State. Purposive sampling technique was used to select thirty upper basic II students in each selected school in Ilorin. A total of one hundred and eighty (180) upper basic students was sampled in the study. Proforma was used to collect the students' scores for data analysis. The data obtained were analyzed using t-test statistic. Based on the analyzed data, the findings of the study showed that school ownership has a significant influence on upper basic students' performance in Social Studies. School type and school structure are not statistically significant on students' performance in Social Studies in the upper basic schools. Based on these findings, it was recommended among others that quality and standard of the teaching and learning in public schools should be given priority by all stakeholders in education, academic competition and cooperation should be encouraged among students in public and private schools and regular comparative analysis of public and private school students' performance in various subjects should be encouraged.