COMPENSATION, WORKPLACE BEHAVIOUR AND PERSONNEL JOB PERFORMANCE IN MINISTRIES OF EDUCATION IN NORTH- CENTRAL STATES, NIGERIA
Compensation of employees and workplace behavior are very important tools which determine the quality of the output or overall performance of the organisation. Hence, the study examined the relationship among compensation, workplace behaviour and personnel job performance in Ministries of Education in North Central States, Nigeria. Specifically, the study assessed:(i) the level of compensation provided to the staff; (ii) the level of workplace behaviour; (iii) the level of job personnel job performance; (iv) the relationship between salary and personnel job performance; (v) the relationship between promotion and personnel job performance; (vi) the relationship between heath service and personnel job performance; (vii) the relationship between punctuality and personnel job performance; and (viii) the relationship between teamwork and personnel job performance. The study was a descriptive research design of correlation type while multi-stage sampling technique was used for the study in the order of ministry of education and respondents. Random sampling technique was used to select three states (Kwara, Nasarawa and Niger) out of the six states in the Geo-political Zone while random sampling technique was used to select all the three state Ministries of Education in these states. Random sampling technique was used to select 503 staff out of the 878 in the selected states ministries of education, and 145 principal officials (Directors, Assistant and Deputy Directors) out of the 243 in the selected states which constitutes 60%. The choice of the sample population was based on the submission of Olaitan and Nwoke (2014) who stated that if the population is a few thousand, a 60% or more sample will do. “Compensation Questionnaire” (CQ), Workplace Behaviour Questionnaire” (WPQ) and “Personnel Job Performance Questionnaire” (PJPQ) were used to collect data for the study. The instruments were validated by the experts and also tested for reliability. The reliability coefficients realised for CQ, WPQ and PJPQ were .67, .75 and .86 respectively. Research questions were answered using Mean and Standard Deviation while main and operational hypotheses were tested using Multiple Regression and Pearson product-moment correlation statistics respectively at .05 level of significance. The findings of the study revealed that: i. compensation provided to the staff was low (X ̅ = 1.81); ii. level of workplace behaviour was low (X ̅ = 2.25); iii. level of personnel job performance was low (X ̅ = 1.92); iv. there was a significant relationship among compensation, workplace behaviour and personnel job performance (p<.05); The study concluded that effective compensation and workplace behavior play significant role in enhancing personnel job performance which would consequently facilitate realisation of institutional goals in Ministries of Education in North Central States, Nigeria. Based on the findings and conclusion, the study recommended that, state governments should intensify their efforts by paying more attention to staff compensation through the prompt and attractive payment of salary, timely promotion, provision of affordable health services and improved training opportunities and also ensure that staff maintain workplace behavior through strict implementation of staff code of conduct and ensure that appropriate sanctions are carried out on the defaulters.