Effect of Climate Change Adaptation Strategies on Farmers Income in Kwara State, Nigeria.
Farming is the key to income, livelihood and food production in most part of Africa especially Nigeria but poor and smallholder farmers are hit by climate change which adversely affect their livelihood status. This study is designed to assess the sources of income among farming households; identify the perceptions of farming household to climate change; identify various adaptation strategies to climate change used; determine the effect of climate change adaptation strategies to farmer’s income. A three-stage sampling technique was used to select 140 crop farmers. Primary data were collected using a structured interview schedule. Descriptive statistics and Ordinary Least Square regression were used for data analysis. The study found that majority (77.8 percent) of rural dwellers depends largely on farming activities as a means of livelihood to sustain their family. It was also revealed that 63.6 percent of the households witnessed change in weather conditions as reflected in unusual downpour of rain. Also, it revealed that 51.7 percent of the households adopted early planting as most preferred and 2.9 percent of the households adopted increased irrigation as the least preferred adaptation strategies against climate change. The results of the Ordinary Least Square Regression revealed that education and irrigation had a positive significant effect on farmer’s income in the study area. The study recommended that farmers should be trained and supported on the use of more adaptation strategies.
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