ECONOMIC ANALYSIS OF PESTICIDE USE IN FRUIT VEGETABLE PRODUCTION AMONG FARMING HOUSEHOLD IN KWARA STATE
For a good result in fruit vegetable production, pest control is a major task. Even though efforts are being intensified to reduce the amount of chemical used in the control of pests through the introduction of integrated pest management, pesticides use in fruit vegetable production has been reported to be shoot up dramatically. Therefore, the study is based on the economic analysis of pesticide use in fruit vegetable production among farming households in Kwara State. A twostage sampling procedure was used for the study and the analytical tools used include; descriptive statistics, gross margin, T-test, average treatment effect and three point likert scale. The result revealed that fruit vegetable production has a gross margin of ₦953,244.4/ha for pesticide users and ₦ 154,554.5/ha for non-pesticide users. It was revealed that pesticide users produce more fruit than non-pesticides users. The major factors affecting pesticide usage are farm size, pesticide training and farmer income. Based on the findings of the study, it can be concluded that pesticide usage is profitable in fruit vegetable production in Kwara State. The study therefore recommends that agricultural associations should organize trainings for fruit vegetable farmers on the usage of pesticide and methods to protect them from its harmful effect.
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