Knowledge of the Predisposing Factors of Ascariasis Disease among Primary Teacher in Kwara State

Ologele, I ; Bello, A. ; Jidda, K. A. ; Abdullahi, M. B. ; Stephen, J. A. (2019-01)


Ascariasis (roundworm) is an important health issue that is affecting people mostly in less developed countries which It has been associated with causing stunting growth, body weakness, nutritional disturbances, morbidity, mortality and low educational achievement among school children and even in adults The objectives of the study were to investigate whether poor knowledge of personal hygiene and food hygiene were predisposing factors of ascariasis among public primary school teachers in Kwara State. The study adopted a descriptive research design of the survey type. The population of the study comprised of all the public primary school teachers in Kwara State (11.963) Multistage sampling techniques of cluster. proportionate, purposive proportionate, and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 470 public primary schools teachers in Kwara state as a sample for the study. The Research instrument adopted for the study was researchers structured questionnaire which had been validated by three experts in the Department of Health Promotion and Environmental Health Education. University of Ilorin to ensure both face and content validity. Reliability of the instrument used for the study was established through a split-half method. Twenty (20) copies of the questionnaire administered on twenty public primary school teachers outside the study area and their responses analysed using Cronbach alpha. The correlation coefficient of 0.71r was obtained. The result of the reliability indicated that the instrument was reliable. The result of data collected analysed using frequency counts and percentages. The finding of the study revealed that primary school teachers in the study area know that poor personal hygiene and poor food hygiene are a predisposing factor for ascariasis. It was recommended that the Kwara State Universal Basic Education (KWSUBE) should carry out an educative programme that will enlight both primary school pupils and teachers on the need for them to always wash their hands with soap and water after visit toilet and before handling or eating food to protect them against ascariasis