Quality of Life of Patients with Tuberculosis in a Nigerian Teaching Hospital


Tuberculosis (TB) remains a major public health concern despite the decline in its mortality rate.There is a dearth of study on HRQOL among patients with tuberculosis in Nigeria. This study aimed to evaluate the HRQOL in pulmonary tuberculosis patients at a Nigerian university teaching hospital. A cross sectional study was conducted from December 2010 to April 2011 in the Tuberculosis (TB) clinic of the Department of Family Medicine University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital Ilorin, Kwara state, Nigeria. Data on HRQOL were collected from 154 PTB patients using the World Health Organization Quality of life Instrument Brief version (WHOQOL-BREF), which covers physical, psychological, social relationships and environment health domains. The data were interviewer-administered by the researcher and analysed using SSPS 16.0 statistical software. Most of the patients had fair grades in all the health domains assessed. Environment (11.10 ± 1.82).and psychological (11.44 ± 2.63) health domains were the worst affected in this study. There were associations between HRQOL and the educational status, age, gender and occupational class of the patients. The patients’ weight status and sputum smear results were significantly related to their HRQOL. This study suggests that HRQOL of pulmonary tuberculosis patients was found to be fairly impaired in all the health domains despite at least two months of treatment with anti-tuberculosis drugs. The environment and psychological health of the patients were the most affected domains in this study.



Health, Quality of life, Pulmonary, Tuberculosis, Nigeria