Arabic Language Phoneme Pronunciation Difficulties among Upper Basic Hausa-speaking Students in Kano State, Nigeria

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Faculty of Education, International Islamic University Malaysia


In the process of learning foreign language, there are always some indispensable learning problems, especially in the pronunciation aspect. Therefore, this study investigated Arabic Language phoneme pronunciation difficulties among upper-basic Hausa-speaking students of Arabic in Kano State, Nigeria. The total population for the study was the all Upper Basic Hausa-speaking students of Arabic in Kano State, Nigeria. While the target population as all Upper Basic III Arabic students. The 200 Upper Basic Hausa-speaking students of Arabic were sampled from the 3 senatorial districts of the state involving 9 Local Government Areas using multistage sampling techniques. A Pronunciation Test adapted from Adebayo (2010) with a reliability coefficient of 0.75 was used for data collection. Only 180 Pronunciation test that were properly filled and returned were subjected to both descriptive and inferential statistical analysis. The percentage was used to answers research questions while Chi-square was employed to test the hypotheses postulated at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that a number of Arabic consonants constitute pronunciation difficulty for the students due to the presence of their corresponding consonant sounds in Hausa language while all Arabic vowels did not constitute much pronunciation difficulty for the students. The findings also revealed that there was no significant difference in the Arabic consonant and vowel sounds that constitute pronunciation difficulties for male and female Upper Basic Hausa-speaking students of Arabic from both public and private schools in Kano State. The study recommended that teachers of Arabic Language should pay more attention to the various Arabic consonant and vowel phonemes as well as the Arabic syllable patterns that constitute pronunciation difficulties for the Hausa-speaking students of Arabic. The attention of Hausa-peaking students of Arabic should be drawn to the semantic implications of phonemic replacement, reduction or prolongation.



Arabic language, Consonants, Vowels, Phoneme, Hausa-speaking students