Development and Evaluation of ceramic tiles using wastes and solid mineralsDevelopment and Evaluation of ceramic tiles using wastes and solid minerals

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College of Engineering, Sultan Qaboos University, Muscat, Sultanate of Oman, (Western Asia)


The study focuses on the need for domesticating the production of building materials like tiles to address the problem of Nigeria over dependent on imported goods, despite adequate availability of mineral resources like clay, quartz and feldspar in the country. Clay, quartz and feldspar, and milled glass was respectively obtained from Ogijo in Ogun State, Okpila in Edo State and Oshodi, Lagos State of Nigeria were characterized using ASTM C71 as a guide. Samples of the ceramic tile were produced from varying mixtures of clay, quartz, feldspar and milled glass. The chemical and physio-mechanical properties of the samples were also determined. The results showed that the clay sample belong to Alumino-silicate group with 59.20% silica and 21.25% alumina. The samples’ properties met the required standards; hence, the materials were found suitable for production of ceramic tiles of acceptable standards. Though, the porosity of the sample tiles increased as the percentage weight of the clay material in the mixed decreased and proportion of quartz, feldspar and milled glass increased. Sample containing 70% Clay & 30% Feldspar had better formulation properties than others.



Apparent porosity, Bulk density, Ceramic, Tile, Milled glass, Solid minerals


Elakhame, Z. U., Shuaib-Babata, Y. L. & Ambali, I. O. (2019). Development and Evaluation of ceramic tiles using wastes and solid minerals. The Journal of Engineering Research. 16 (1); 53-62