Percieved factors responsible for malnutrition among under 5 children in Ogbomoso South local government area, Oyo State

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Date

2015-07

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Jamus Printer; School of Continuing Education Bayero University Kano

Abstract

Abstract The study examined perceived factors responsible for malnutrition among under 5 children in Ogbomoso South Local Government Area, Oyo State. The population used for the study comprised all nursing mothers in Ogbomoso South Local Government. The descriptive research design of the survey method was used for this study. Multi-stage sampling techniques, consisting of simple, proportionate and systematic random sampling techniques were used to select 220 nursing mothers (respondents) in Ogbomoso South Local Government. Researcher-designed questionnaire validated by 3 experts drawn from the Department of Health Promotion and Environmental Health Education, University of Ilorin, Nigeria was used for data collection. A reliability coefficent of .84r was obtained through split-half method using Pearson Product Moment Correlation (PPMC). Data collection was conducted by the researcher and three trained research assistants. Data collected were analyzed using descriptive statistics of frequency counts and percentage for demographic information as well as inferential statistics of Chi-square (X2) to test the hypotheses at 0.05 alpha level. The findings of the study showed that: 1. Poor breastfeeding was perceived as a significant factor responsible for malnutrition among under 5 children because calculated X2 value (56.8) > critical value (5.99); 2. Poor diet was perceived as a significant factor responsible for malnutrition among under 5 children because calculated X2 value (30.6) > critical value (5.99); and 3. Poverty was perceived as a significant factor responsible for malnutrition among under 5 children because calculated X2 value (118.6) > critical value (5.99). The study concluded that poor breastfeeding, poor diet and poverty were perceived as significant factors responsible for malnutrition among under 5 children in Ogbomoso South Local Government. The findings implied that non-exclusive breastfeeding, inadequate diet and low income level of parents could result to malnutrition. It was recommended that nursing mothers should strictly adhere to exclusive breastfeeding and parents should make provision for adequate diet as these would prevent malnutrition.

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Keywords

Percieved, Malnutrition, Under 5 children

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