The effect of financial statement on economic decision of primary stakeholders in Nigerian Banks

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Department of Business Administration, University of Ilorin


The major objective of accounting is to provide information for decision making to various users. Such information can be obtained from the financial statements of organizations. This study provides empirical evidence on the impact of the information contained in the financial statements on the economic decisions of selected primary stakeholders in Nigerian banks. The four banks chosen for the study include United Bank for Africa, First Bank, Guaranty Trust Bank and Diamond Bank. Also, three user groups namely shareholders, employees and depositors were surveyed in the study. The data for the study was collected from a questionnaire distributed to two hundred and forty respondents. Percentages, Z-score statistical test and ANOVA were used to analyze the data gathered for the study. The results of the analysis shows that the primary stakeholders lack the ability to analyze information contained in the financial statements and also reveal further that the stakeholders do not base their economic decisions on the evaluation of the banks' financial statements. The study therefore concludes that the financial statements have no significant impact on the economic decisions of primary stakeholders of the banks. Based on this, the study recommends amongst others that regulatory bodies and Nigerian banks should organize educative sessions at intervals for stakeholders to enlighten them on the importance of financial reporting to their economic decision making and to guide them on how to read and analyze information contained in the financial statements



Economic decision, stakeholder, financial statements, Nigerian banks