Effect of welding variables on mechanical properties of low carbon steel welded joint

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Production Engineering Institute (PEI), Faculty of Mechanical Engineering, University of Maribor, Slovania


This paper discussed the effect of welding variables on the mechanical prop-erties of welded 10 mm thick low carbon steel plate, welded using the Shield-ed Metal Arc Welding (SMAW) method. Welding current, arc voltage, welding speed and electrode diameter were the investigated welding parameters. The welded samples were cut and machined to standard configurations for tensile, impact toughness, and hardness tests. The results showed that the selected welding parameters had significant effects on the mechanical properties of the welded samples. Increases in the arc voltage and welding current resulted in increased hardness and decrease in yield strength, tensile strength and impact toughness. Increasing the welding speed from 40-66.67 mm/min caused an increase in the hardness characteristic of the welded samples. Initial decrease in tensile and yield strengths were observed which thereafter increased as the welding speed increased. An electrode diameter of 2.5 mm provided the best combination of mechanical properties when compared to the as received samples. This behaviour was attributed to the fact that in-creased current and voltage meant increased heat input which could create room for defect formation, thus the observed reduced mechanical properties.



Welding, Low carbon steel, Welding variables, Mechanical properties