Numerical Analysis of the Effect of Selected Geometrical Parameters and Fluid Properties on MHD Natural Convection Flow in an Inclined Elliptic Porus Enclosure with Localized Heating

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Willey Periodicals


Magnetohydrodynamic (MHD) natural convection flow and associated heat convection in an oriented elliptic enclosure has been investigated with numerical simulations. A magnetic field was applied to the cylindrical wall of the configuration, the top and bottom walls of the enclosure were circumferentially cooled and heated, respectively, while the extreme ends along the cross-section of the elliptic duct were considered adiabatic. The full governing equations in terms of continuity, momentum, and energy transport were transformed into nondimensional form and solved numerically using finite difference method adopting Gauss–Seidel iteration technique. The selected geometrical parameters and flow properties considered for the study were eccentricity (0, 0.2, 0.4, 0.6, and 0.8), angle of inclination (0°, 30°, 60°, and 90°), Hartmann number (0, 25, and 50), Grashof number (104, 105, and 106), and Darcy number (10−3, 10−4, and 10−5). The Prandtl number was held constant at 0.7. Numerical results were presented by velocity distributions as well as heat transfer characteristics in terms of local and average Nusselt numbers (i.e., rate of heat transfer). The optimum heat transfer rate was attained at e value of 0.8. Also, the heat transfer rate increased significantly between the angles of inclination 58° and 90°. In addition, Hartmann number increased with decreased heat transfer rate and flow circulation. A strong flow circulation (in terms of velocity distribution) was observed with increased Grashof and Darcy numbers. The combination of the geometric and fluid properties therefore can be used to regulate the circulation and heat transfer characteristics of the flow in the enclosure.



MHD, natural convection, inclined elliptic enclosure, porous media, localized heating