The Dynamics of Cattle Tax (Jangali) in Northern Provinces, 1940 -1960

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Adeboye Institute for Peace and Good Governance, Redeemers University, Ede


Taxes are important for fiscal purposes and provision of social amenities for the citizenry in any society. One tax in Nigeria, which was used to raise revenue for government expenditure was the cattle tax (Jangali or Jingali). This paper investigates the dynamics of cattle tax (Jangali) in Northern provinces from1940 to 1960. Qualitative methodology based on historical research methods was employed for the study. Primary sources were elicited from the National Archives, Kaduna and Ibadan, while secondary materials were sourced from books, journals etc. The study showed that while the Jangali contributed to the revenue of the Northern provinces in the 1940s, there was a sharp decrease in tax by 1950. While the reason for such sharp decrease was not within the scope of this paper, the study advances the need for government to key into this form of tax as it could lead to an expansion in the finances of the country, change the financial predicament of a nation, and advance the social and economic life of the pastoralists in any society.



Jangali, Taxation, Colonialism, Northern Nigeria, Evasion, Treasury