The Effects of Drug and Substance Abuse among Youth on Community Security in Kano and Sokoto States, Nigeria

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Date

2021-02

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Publisher

UNIVERSITY OF ILORIN

Abstract

Drug and psychoactive substance abuse among youth portendsan alarming human security conundrum in Nigeria. The aim of the study was to examine the effects of drug and substance abuse among youth on community security in Kano and Sokoto states. The objectives of the study were to:(i) identifythe causes and nature of drug and substance abuse among youth in Kano and Sokoto states; (ii) establish the correlation between drug abuse and its effects on the individual users in Kano and Sokoto states; (iii) examine the effects of drug abuse on community security in Kano and Sokoto states; (iv)make a comparative analysis of the effects of drug abuse on community security in both state; (v) assess the level of community involvement in the control of drug abuse in Kano and Sokotostates; and (vi) appraise counter-drug abuse strategies in the two states. Quantitative and qualitative methods of data collection were used for the study. A total of 800 Questionnaireswere distributed to respondents in both states. A total of 770questionnaire were retrieved and analyzed using the quantitative method from the tools of Statistical Package of Social Sciences (SPSS). Key Informant Interview (KII), In-depth Interview (IDI) and Focus Group Discussions (FGD) were employed to obtain qualitative data. Pilot studies were carried out to determine the reliability of the instruments, through theCronbach’s Alpha Numeric Inter-instrument Consistency Model. The findings of the studywere that: (i) the major causes of drug abuse among youth were: self-medication, 74.3% for Kano and 73.6% for Sokoto state; experimentation, 90.2% for Kano and 80.5% for Sokoto state; peer influence, 85.8%for Kano and 69.7% for Sokoto;and indolence, 74.8% for Kano, 39.4% forSokoto state; (ii) there was a strong correlation between drug abuse and its effects on individual users in bothKano and Sokotostates, at an average of a=0.05 and P value=0.01<a-level=0.05correlation; (iii) the effects of drug abuse on community security were: insanity 80.7for Kano and 73.9% for Sokoto state; increasedcriminality 68.2 for Kano and 57.3% for Sokoto; broken family 54.1% for Kano and 77.6% forSokoto state, Deaths, 65.6% for Kano and 31.3% for Sokoto state, and drug-induced diseases, 92.0% for Kano and 51.3% forSokoto state; (iv) there was low level community involvement in the control of drug abuse; 16.9% for Kano and 2.8% for Sokoto state; (v) trends and patternsof drug abuse were similar in both states, although their negative impact was more devastating in Kano state; and (vi) the ineffective counter-drug abuse strategies were due to weak funding of drug control agencies, and inadequate community involvement in drug control strategies in Kano and Sokoto states. The study concluded that the effects of drug abuse have adverse implications for community security in Kano and Sokoto states. The study recommended for improved funding of drug control agencies, and community inclusivity, to effectively mitigate the effects of drug abuse on community security in Kano and Sokoto states, Nigeria. Word Count: (489)

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Keywords

Drug Abuse, Substance Abuse, Youth, Community Security, Kano State, Sokoto State

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