Socio-Economic and Political Factors as Motivation for Ritual Killings in Ilorin-Nigeria

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Faculty of Management & Social Sciences, LAPAI


The act of ritual killing is increasing at an alarming rate with its attendant effects on both individuals and the nation at large. The waves of ritual killing in the country have swum across the shores of humanity. It is believed that several socio-economic factors drive people to commit ritual killings. Reasons (such as power, defence, solving household problems and longevity) submitted in literatures seem not to be enough to explain the recent and sudden increase in the activities of ritual killers in Ilorin metropolitan. The reasons explained in most literatures are not empirically established. Therefore, this research explores the socio-economic and political factors that motivate people to engage in ritual killings in Ilorin. The research is guided by Agnew's General Strain Theory. Qualitative method (in-depth interview) is used to generate information from twelve (12) respondents purposively selected from Taiwo-Oke, Challenge, Old Government Reserved Areas (OGRA) and Tanke-Oke-odo. Findings reveal fear of poverty by the wealthy class, underemployment, unemployment, political power and position and the economic lifestyles of youths as major factors to ritual killings. Thus, the research establishes a cultural re-orientation of people to belief in the power of science and technology as well as skills acquisition as basics for development and sustainability. Youths should be trained in science-based skills that will enable them get full employment and/or profitable engagement.



Ilorin, Practice, Political Factors, Ritual killings, Socio-economic factors