Social and Economic Upheaval in Colonial Nigeria: A Study of the 1954 Ago Iwoye Riot in Ijebu Province.

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Date

2022

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Publisher

Ajayi Crowther University Journal of Religious Studies (ACUJORES) Publisher: Department of Religious Studies, Ajayi Crowther University, Oyo

Abstract

One of the negative effects of colonialism on African societies was the disruption and replacement of indigenous social and economic structures, sub-structures and super-structures with structures of global capitalism, for the purpose of easy appropriation and expropriaton of local resources for the benefit of the metropolis. Adopting the historical research method, consisting of both primary and secondary sources, this study explored the political economy of yorubaland from the inception of British colonialism upto 1960 and reviewed how the British supplanted the well tested pre-exisiting political structure of the Yoruba people with the native authority system. The study found that the introduction of the British predatory tax system in Ago-Iwoye in Yorubaland, which the people considered burdensome and unfriendly, rendered the people and thier culture vulnerable to the exploitative tendencies of British colonial machineries. It also found that the British predatory and parasitic tax demands triggered the violent resistance that erupted in Ago-Iwoye, Ijebu province in 1954. The study concluded by deconstructing the racialised arguments that taxation would always lead to societal development. In reality, if a tax system is unholy, exploitative and burdensome on a people, it has the potential, always to degenerate into disturbance, war, anarchy and other dire consequences for the polity.

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Keywords

Ago Iwoye, British Colonialism, Taxation, Riot, Yorubaland

Citation

6. Afolabi, A. S. (2022), “Social and Economic Upheaval in Colonial Nigeria: A Study of the 1954 Ago Iwoye Riot in Ijebu Province.” Ajayi Crowther University Journal of Religious Studies (ACUJORES), 1: (1), 91 - 99

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