GRIEF REACTIONS, COPING STRATEGIES AND COUNSELLING NEEDS OF NIGERIAN IN-SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS FACED WITH PARENTAL LOSS

No Thumbnail Available

Date

2017

Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title

Publisher

University of Ilorin

Abstract

Parents play a decisive role in children’s academic and social development. The demise of the parent has a huge emotional impact on a child. This study investigated grief reactions, coping strategies and counselling needs of in-school adolescents faced with parental loss in Nigeria. The objectives of the study were to find out: (i) the grief reactions; (ii) coping strategies adopted; (iii) counselling needs of adolescents faced with parental loss; and (iv) if significant differences existed based on gender, religion, geo-political zone and adolescent’s age at parental loss. Descriptive survey research design was adopted. The population for this study comprised all inschool adolescents faced with parental loss in Nigeria. Simple random and purposive sampling techniques were used to select 432 in-school adolescents. A researcher-developed instrument entitled Questionnaire on Grief Reactions, Coping Strategies and Counselling Needs of Nigerian inschool Adolescents faced with Parental Loss was used for data collection. Means and inferential statistics were used to analyse the collected data. Duncan Multiple Range Test (DMRT) was applied as a post-hoc measure to locate where the differences exist in the tested hypotheses. The findings of the study were that: (i) the grief reactions of in-school adolescents faced with parental loss is high and these reactions include having mood swing (𝑋 ̅ =3.71), depression (𝑋 ̅=3.62) and nervousness/anxiety (𝑋 ̅=3.43); (ii) some coping strategies adopted by the students include listening to inspirational music (𝑋 ̅=2.77), listening to motivational talks from religious leaders (𝑋 ̅=2.65) and reading scriptural passages to relieve tensions or anxiety(𝑋 ̅ =2.63); (iii) counselling are more needed in the areas of educational concerns (𝑋 ̅=2.81), emotional concerns (𝑋 ̅ =2.62) and personal concerns (𝑋 ̅=2.60); (iv) there were significant differences were found in the grief reactions of in-school adolescents faced with parental loss t = 3.30, p<0.05; coping strategies adopted t = 5.22, p<0.05 and counselling needs t = 3.83, p<0.05 based on gender; (v) no significant difference was found in the grief reactions of in-school adolescents faced with parental loss. Significant differences were found in the coping strategies adopted (F(2, 429) = 19.27; p<0.05) and counselling needs (F2, 429) = 17.45; p<0.05) based on religion; (vi) no significant difference was found in the grief reactions, coping strategies adopted and counselling needs of Nigerian in-school adolescents faced with parental loss based on zone; and (vii) on the basis of age at parental loss, significant differences were found in the grief reactions of in-school adolescents faced with parental loss t = 4.46, p<0.05; coping strategies adopted t = 3.46, p<0.05. This study concluded that adolescents faced with parental loss need counselling more in the areas of educational and emotional concerns. The implication of the study is that there were insufficient enlightenment programmes and sensitisation on the reality of death in secondary schools. The study therefore recommended that counsellors should include in their enlightenment programmes to the students, the reality of death as well as how to get the right support when faced with parental loss. Word

Description

Keywords

GRIEF REACTIONS, COPING STRATEGIES, COUNSELLING NEEDS, NIGERIAN IN-SCHOOL ADOLESCENTS, PARENTAL LOSS

Citation