A Survey of Pathological Conditions of Public Health Importance in Slaughtered Cattle in Ilorin Central Abattoir, Nigeria

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Esxon Publishers


The prevalence of disease constitutes a serious setback to livestock industry in Nigeria. An effective livestock disease control programme, needs up-to-date record of common diseases prevalent in an area. The knowledge of the magnitude to which the public is exposed to certain zoonoses through beef consumption is very useful in preventive medicine. Ilorin central Abattoir was visited between January and December 2011 to collect information on pathological conditions of public health importance found in slaughtered cattle during the period. Records were kept on sex, breed, foetal wastage and on results of laboratory findings on faeces and worms collected from the disease organ. A total of 38,560 cattle were examined. Pneumonia constituted (42%), Helminthiasis (18%), Abscesses in liver, lung and kidney (10%) and other problems (30%) of the pathological conditions noted. Out of the 4,550 organs infected with diseases 1,350 (27.47%) portions were salvaged while 3200 (72.53%) whole organs were condemned. Twenty nine whole carcasses were condemned. Foetal wastage was estimated at 18% of the 20,150 female cattle slaughtered while 18,410 male was slaughtered during the period. Mycobacterium spp., Salmonella sp, Staphylococcus sp and Bacillus sp isolated from disease organs were of Public Health importance. Suggestions were made for improving the meat inspection practices of the Abattoir and for providing better education to the butchers.



Abattoir, Public Health, Slaughtered Cattle, Ilorin, Kwara State


Olatunde et al., 2013