Determinant of patient Health Education in University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital, Nigeria

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African Journal of Nursing and Health Research


Background: Patient health teaching is an essential aspect of nurses and other health personnel responsibility that positively influences patient's health and quality of life. This study examined educational qualification and knowledge as determinants of patient health education in University of Ilorin Teaching Hospital (UITH), Ilorin, Nigeria. Methodology: A correlational research design was adopted using proportionate sampling technique to select a sample of 280 nurses, doctors and pharmacists. The hypotheses were tested using a cross-sectional correlational design with a sample of 275 nurses from 9 units in UITH. Data collected by structured self-administered questionnaires and analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) version 20. Results: The study revealed that most (74.3%) respondents were female with mean age of 35.5 years and (63.3%) had varying years of working experience. A little above average (58.6%) of respondents had first degree as educational qualifications. The educational status of the respondents influenced positively on the knowledge of respondents about the significance of health education to patient self-care. Conclusion: The study however, concluded that there is significant relationship between academic qualification and the knowledge of health personnel about patient health education (P <0.05, Chi-square(X2) = 10.341, Df= 4 and P- value 0.035). Based on this conclusion,it was recommended that nurses, doctors and pharmacists should adopt patient teaching practices as part of their routine work schedule to improve patient compliance and adherence to treatment regimen in the hospital.



Barriers, Health Education, Health practitionersPatient teaching strategies