Resource Mobilization for Rural Development in “Geography in Development: Issues and Perspectives.”

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Stamford Lake (Pvt.) Ltd. Sri Lanka.


INTRODUCTION: Development could mean different things to different people. It could be seen as an improvement, an advancement, a change or progress. It could also be defined in relation to modernization or westernization. In this light, Oni & Ohiani, (1987); Onyeozu, (2007); and Onyenemezu & Olumati, (2013) defined development as “a continuous process of positive change in the quality and span of life of a person or group of persons”. Todaro (1977; 1979) and Onerkerhoraye (1985) also defined development as a multi-dimensional process, which involves the reorganization and reorientation of the economic and social system. Development is thus both man centered and multidimensional in nature and leads to a cumulative increase in the standard of living for an increasing proportion of people in the society (Usman et al., 2015). On the one hand, improving human well-being is the main objective of socio-economic development which is closely linked to environmental goods and services. On the other hand, the level of well-being affects the ability of the human population to effectively manage their resources. Development transforms the economy, society and permit self-actualization of human potentials (Mabogunje, 1980; Hodder, 2000; Madu, 2007; Usman et al., 2015). Resource Mobilization For Rural Development 311 Thus the growth and development of any community is dependent on the type, nature and amount of resources at its disposal. The distribution of national economic activities over the landscape though determined by the resource endowment of a particular nation is also highly associated with its technological knowhow. The term ‘resource’ has no single universal definition, but as used here, refers to the function which a thing or a substance may be put to achieve a result. For example, the function or operation of satisfying a want (Zimmerman, 1964; Sharma, 1989). Resources are expressions or reflections of human appraisal, hence could be defined as: that upon which one relies for aid, support or supply; means to attain a given end; capacity to take advantage of opportunities or to extricate oneself from difficulties. Resources are not beneficial unless they can be used to meet the basic needs of man. Zimmerman (1951) supports the fact that resources are nothing unless they become. The identification of available beneficial resources does not in itself bring about development. Development is therefore a product of effective resource mobilization, allocation, utilization and management. Resource mobilization in logistic term, implies the bringing together of all available resources in an appropriate ‘mix in order to speed up successful ‘take off’ of the development impetus. It means knowledge of what resources are needed, in what order of priority and how they are to be organized in the development process.



Resources, Mobilization, Development, Rural, Reorientation, Economic, Community, Utilization


Abdulraheem M.O., Olorunfemi J.F. & Orire I.O. (2017): Resource Mobilization for Rural Development in “Geography in Development: Issues and Perspectives.” Tilakasiri S.L. (ed.)