Global Warming: Causes, Effects, and Control Measures

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Association for the Promotion of Education, Health, Environment and Technology Research,(APREHET) University of Benin, Benin, Edo State


Abstract Global warming which is an increase in the average temperature of the earth's atmosphere, especially a sustained increase that causes climatic change, happens when greenhouse gases (carbon dioxide, water vapor, nitrous oxide, and methane) trap heat and light from the sun in the earth's atmosphere, which increases the temperature of the earth's surface. This increase in tropped heat, changes the climate and alters weather patterns, which may hasten species extinction, influence the length of seasons, and lead to more frequent and severe storms and increase in the range of disease vectors. This paper explores Global Warming: Causes, Effects, and Control Measures. It discusses causes of global warming, the physica, ecological, social and economic effect of global warming on the environment, food supply and health of citizens. It focuses on the Nigerian situation concerning global warming and highlighted some control measures that can be applied to limit or eradicate global warming. The researcher is of the opinion that everyone in the society should put up conscious effort to find lasting solution to global warming, as it is believed that developing an aggressive plan of action can help reduce its negative impact. The following recommendations were made among others. There should be a change in peoples lifestyle to minimize the amount of green house gasses emitted into the air through application of measures such as a forestation reduced deforestation, carpooling, walking, use of fuel efficient vehicles and aircrafts alongside mass transportation and non-motorised means of transport, discreet use of television, computer, light our recycling items, e.t.c and there should be awareness creation in the society by the government to remove or check global warming. This paper would be beneficial to the stakeholders, manufacturers automobile engineers, individuals, the society and the government in their search of strategies to stop/reduce global warming and its hazardous effects.



Global Warming,, Control Measures,, Temperature,, Environment