Religion and Insecurity: Engaging Yoruba Indigenous Spirituality as an Antidote

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The Nigerian Association for the Study of Religions


Abstract Religion and insecurity are two sides of the same coin of a classic African life. It is a concept that has spanned from many centuries ago. In the view of Bharathi, “Religion is the permanent element in human nature which counts no cost too great in order to find full expression and which leaves the soul utterly restless until it has found itself, known its maker and appreciated the true correspondence between the makers of itself… No man can live without religion.1 Kofi Opoku went further in his view on religion, to him, “Religion is at the root of African culture and is the determining principle of African life. In his understanding of the relationship between an African and religion, “Religion is life and life is religion.”2 Religion in African is fundamental to the very life and existence of a typical Africa man this is because African religion lays emphasis on spiritual matters believing the spiritual controls the physical including the political, geographical and even economical state of the Africa. Insecurity on the other hand, is one of the major menace that has not only caused set back to the country’s growth but has been an impediment to democratic governance and the peace of the nation as a whole. The cases of insecurity originated from the selfish interest of the former leaders during the early years of precolonial administration and spanning through the colonial era even to the emergence of slavery in African. This paper set to examines the role of religion in combating the prevailing situation of insecurity through the appropriate use of Yoruba indigenous spirituality as an antidote. Finally, this paper suggests that Africans regardless their religious beliefs should play in maintenance of peace and orderliness in the country, praying for the country and appraising the use of African spiritual means of combat in promoting humanity.



Religion, Insecurity, Yoruba, Spirituality, Antidote