Effect of Stylistics Approach on Approach on Secondary School Students' Performance in Arabic Poetry in Kwara State , Nigeria

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Published by the Department of Educational Foundations, Faculty of Education, University of Port Harcourt, Nigeria


The teaching of poetry should have essential aspects to be observed, that is, the techniques used in the classroom should help the students to increase their power of appreciation of beauty and add to their joy when reading that piece of literature. This study investigated the effect of stylistic approach on secondary school students’ performance in Arabic poetry in Ilorin West, Kwara State, Nigeria. A quasi-experimental design in forms of the null-equivalent pre-test and post-test control group design was adopted for the study. Two secondary schools were sampled, a schools constituted the experimental group, while the other served as the control group of which hundred students participated in the study. Fifty students each were both in the experimental and control groups respectively. The Arabic Literature Performance Test (ALPT) was used for data collection. Both groups were exposed to pre-test to determine their previous knowledge and post-test after being taught for five weeks. Analysis of Co-variance (ANCOVA) was used to test the hypotheses formulated at 0.05 level of significance. The findings revealed that Arabic students taught with stylistics approach perform better than their counterpart taught with conventional method. The study recommended that teachers of Arabic literature should employ the use of stylistics approach alongside other effective approaches while teaching poetry, National Association of Teachers of Arabic and Islamic Studies (NATAIS) should inculcate the culture of organising workshops for literature teachers to appraise and equip them with the use of stylistic approach and other teaching approaches.



Stylistics Approach, Secondary School Students, Academic Performance, Arabic Poetry, Ilorin Metropolis