Strategies for improving Students Low Enrolment in Senior Secondary Schools History in Kwara State, Nigeria

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Date

2020

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Department of Adult and Primary Education, University of Ilorin, Ilorin, Nigeria

Abstract

History as a subject in Nigerian secondary schools is not only significant for its role as an instrument of nation building rather it instills creative, imaginative and critical thinking skills on the learners. However, as important as History is, the enrolment rate is still low in Nigerian secondary schools. Therefore, this study examined teachers’ perceived strategies for improving students’ low enrolment in Senior Secondary School History in Kwara State. Descriptive survey research design was employed in the study while the population consisted of all Senior Secondary School teachers in Kwara State. 450 teachers were randomly sampled for the study using multistage sampling techniques. A researchers’ self-developed questionnaire titled, Strategies for Improving Students’ Low Enrolment in Senior Secondary School History (SISLESHQ) was used for data collection. The Cronbach Alpha statistics was used to determine a reliability index of 0.79 while the data collected were analysed using descriptive statistics of mean and rank order to answer research question and inferential statistics of t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) were used to test the hypotheses at 0.05 level of significance. Findings from this study revealed that the perceived strategies for improving students’ low enrolment in Senior Secondary School History in Kwara State, Nigeria are by making History as a core subject for Arts students; making History as a general/optional for all SSS students to have knowledge of the past events of their immediate community and at large among others. There was a statistically significant difference in teachers’ perceived strategies for improving students’ low enrolment in Senior Secondary School History based on teaching qualifications in Kwara State, Nigeria. It was therefore recommended among others that History should be made a core subject for Arts students and a general/optional for other category of students; the use of modern teaching and learning techniques such as inquiry teaching technique, co-operative (e.g. think-pair-share) and competitive teaching technique (game theory), all which are learner-centeredness in History teaching and learning process should be integrated so as to increase the number of students enrolling for History

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Keywords

History, Students’ Low Enrolment, Improvement Strategies

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