Knowledge and Acceptance of Covid-19 Vaccine Among Adult Residents of a Rural Community in Kwara State, Nigeria

Abstract

Background: The rapid production and approval for the use of the Covid-19 vaccine has attracted a lot of skepticism leading to hesitancy in taking the vaccine among many people globally, and in sub-Saharan Africa in particular. Objective: This study aimed at determining the reasons behind the non-acceptance or outright refusal of the Covid-19 vaccine by the people of Ogbondoroko, a rural community in Kwara State, Nigeria. Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study design was employed and 568 respondents were selected using multistage sampling. IBM Statistical Package for Social Sciences was used for data analysis. Test of association was done using Chi-square at a significance level of P< 0.05 at a 95% confidence. Results: The mean age of the respondents was 48 ± 18.29 years and there was a female preponderance of 408 (71.9%). Majority of the respondents were married (82%); are mostly artisans and earn less than 50 US dollars per month. About half (49.0 %) of the respondents have no formal education. Most of the respondents 544 (95.8%) heard about the Covid-19 vaccine over the radio/television 260 (47.8%) and from health workers 233 (42.8%). Most of the respondents 481 (88.4%) were willing to receive the vaccine. Factors such as age, marital status, employment status, and income of the respondents were significantly associated with awareness of Covid-19 vaccine among them (p≤ 0.05). Conclusion: There was a high level of awareness and acceptance of Covid-19 vaccine amongst rural dwellers in the study area. The use of audience-targeted mass media should be upheld in the dissemination of health messages in the study area in order to continue to achieve the desired results.

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