Oropharyngeal Tumours in Ilorin, Nigeria: Any Change in Epidemiology Pattern?

No Thumbnail Available



Journal Title

Journal ISSN

Volume Title


Published by the College of Health Sciences


Background: Oropharyngeal tumour constitute about 10% -12% of all head and neck malignancies of which about 90% are histologically squamous cell carcinomas type. Males are commonly affected. Aim is to determine the epidemiological trend and socio-demographic pattern seen in our practice. Methods: A 5years (2008-2013) Ethically approved retrospective review of clinical records of patients with diagnosis of oropharyngeal tumour seen in ENT department of UITH. All information retrieved were entered into SPSS version 20.0 and analysed descriptively and results presented in tables and figures. Results: Twenty-seven cases were seen, age range 35-65years with a mean age of 46years (SD = 42±1.5), About 27.3% were below 40 years, 54.6% were within 40-60 years and 18.2% were above 60 years.. There were 17 females (63.6%) and 10 males (36.4%) with M:F ratio of 1:1.7. About 72.7% were non-smokers while 27.3% were smokers. Only 36.4% of the patients had positive history of alcohol ingestion while 63.4% did not take alcohol. The correlation of smoking and alcohol with the oropharyngeal cancer shows a uncorrected X2 of 0.77 and a P-value of 0.3794. On the site, base of the tongue tumours constituted 55.6% of the total, closely followed by lateral wall tumours (tonsils) 27.3%, then soft palatal tumours 18.2%, none on the posterior pharyngeal wall. Only 36.4% had surgery and referred for chemoradiation while 63.4% either declined surgery or defaulted from clinic follow-up. However, 7.4% cases had associated HIV infection.


Review of Oropharyngeal tumors in Ilorin


Oropharyngeal cancers; Risk factors, Sexualy transmitted viral infection


Omokanye H.K , Afolabi O.A., Segun-Busari S., Mohammed S.I., Ayodele S.O, Shittu N.O, & Alabi. B.S (2017): Oropharyngeal Tumours in Ilorin, Nigeria: Any Change in Epidemiology Pattern? Tropical Journal of Health Sciences. 2017; 24(1): 13-17.