Issues on Oyo-Nupe Relations, up to the 19th Century

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Arewa House, Centre for Historical Research and Documentation, Ahmadu Bello University, Kaduna, Nigeria.


History shows that the convergence of people of different ethnic background at different parts of the glob produces organisations, which may be defined according to their different attributes. Several ethnic groups of nations make up Nigeria, just like some other countries of the world. Each group is usually recognised with her socio-cultural, economic and political identity. The Ilorin Emirate of Kwara State of Nigeria features a convergence of Nupe, Yoruba, Fulani, Hausa, Malian, Kanuri and Tuarege among others. Since the inception of Emirate government, the ethnic groups have been unanimously pivoting the interest of the Emirate based on mutual concession, indeed, the relations among the ethnic groups is so intertwined that hardly could one see any marginal line of difference among them. Better still, each of the group is still strongly holding valuable remarks and pride to her ethnic and eponymous ancestor, but as an index of intangible socio-cultural heritage for the promotion of the Emirate goal. Such promotion is sustained within the existing relations among the ethnic groups of the Emirate. However, the historical factors that propelled their relations, which we see today, are not known by many of them. Most importantly, this study provides incentives to origin, focus and continuity, as characteristics to be considered for healthy co-existence and development of the Emirate. This work studies the earliest aspects of political, economic and socio-cultural relations between Nupe and Oyo, and how it metamorphosed into Ilorin-Oyo and Nupe-Ilorin relations. In addition, the work strengthens historic factors as essential tactics and discretion to foster brotherhood among the tripartite Nupe, Oyo and Ilorin. The primary and secondary sources of information in history are employed as methodological analysis for this study. Examination of the historic factors was premised on the king list style, for the work considered the period from the reign of Alaafin Sango to Alaafin Oluewu.