Application of Deep Learning and WT-SST in Localization of Epileptogenic Zone Using Epileptic EEG Signals


Focal and non-focal Electroencephalogram(EEG) signals have proved to be effective techniques for identifying areas in the brain that are affected by epileptic seizures, known as the epileptogenic zones. The detection of the location of focal EEG signals and the time of seizure occurrence are vital information that help doctors treat focal epileptic seizures using a surgical method. This paper proposed a computer-aided detection (CAD) system for detecting and classifying focal and non-focal EEG signals as the manual process is time-consuming, prone to error, and tedious. The proposed technique employs time-frequency features, statistical, and nonlinear approaches to form a robust features extraction technique. Four detection and classification techniques for focal and non-focal EEG signals were proposed. (1). Combined hybrid features with Support Vector Machine (Hybrid-SVM) (2). Discrete Wavelet Transform with Deep Learning Network (DWT-DNN) (3). Combined hybrid features with DNN (Hybrid-DNN) as an optimized DNN model. Lastly, (4). A newly proposed technique using Wavelet Synchrosqueezing Transform-Deep Convolutional Neural Network (WTSST-DCNN). Prior to feeding the features to classifiers, statistical analyses, including t-tests, were deployed to obtain relevant and significant features at each approach. The proposed feature extraction technique and classification proved effective and suitable for smart Internet of Medical Things (IoMT) devices as performance parameters of accuracy, sensitivity, and specificity are higher than recently related works with a value of 99.7%, 99.5%, and 99.7% respectively.