Causes, Implications and Management Techniques of Ethno-Religious Conflicts in Nigeria


Nigeria, since the beginning of the Fourth Republic has witnessed many conflicts. And of these, ethno-religious conflicts whose centrifugal tendencies potent grave danger for the nation’s corporate existence ranks the most. Generally, people’s belief influences the way they think, feel and see things in relation to people of other religions. Sustainable religious-peace across Nigeria had been aborted countlessly by recurrent cases of religious conflicts. These religious conflicts which have continually weighed-down the nation in different parts of the country continue to direct and influence worldview’s perception of Nigerians. The paper clearly shows that the colonialists could not be totally absolved from the menace as their hands could be found in its foundation. Nigeria since independence has produced a catalogue of ethno-religious conflicts that resulted in an estimated loss of over three million lives and unquantifiable material damages. This paper examines the manifestations of ethno-religious conflicts in Nigeria, causes, implications and management using both the traditional and modern methods of conflicts management strategies. In the traditional African society, conflict may generally exist whenever or wherever incompatible events occurred and may result in “win-lose character”. The resolution, transformation and management of conflict may however produce win-win situation too.



ethnicity, ethno-religious, conflict management strategies