Suicidal Ideation, Tendencies and the Use of Protective Factors among Undergraduates of the University of Ibadan, Nigeria

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Faculty of Education, University of Ibadan, Nigeria.


Suicidal attitudes and id~ation are key antecedents in studying the pathways and mechanisms-that can lead to suicide. Suicide is the second leading cause of death in youth 12 to 18 years old. Suicide does not just occur over night it begins with a thought which may be as a result of failure in one aspect of life. The purpose of this study was to assess suicidal ideation, tendencies and the use of protective factors amongst undergraduates of the University of Ibadan. A descriptive cross-sectional research design and a self-developed questionnaire was used to gather data from the respondent. A simple random sampling technique was used to select a total number of .265 student participated in the study. The findings revealed that 41% of the participant had suicidal ideation and 25% of students have the tendency to commit suicide as well as a high rate of using protective factors, 72% of undergraduate students in the university of Ibadan-used protective factors. The study concluded that the use of protective factors had great effect on suicidal ideation and suicidal tendencies. It was therefore recommended that psychological care of students should be incorporated in the school clinic as this 'will aid in the identification of individuals with suicidal ideation and suicidal tendencies.



Suicide, Suicidal ideation, Suicidal tendencies, Protective factors