Prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes in Oke-Ogun region of Oyo State, Nigeria


Background: Oke-Ogun consists of 10 out of the 33 Local governments in Oyo State, Nigeria. Although literature abounds on prevalence of diabetes in Nigeria, there is none in this geo-political zone, despite the fact that there is a high genetic and socio-cultural factors predisposition the residents to diabetes and pre-diabetes. Objectives: The purpose of the study was to assess the prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes and associated socio-demographic characteristics among indigenes of Oke-Ogun. Method: Of the 10,000 respondents who participated in the study, 6,915 had completed data. Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) was measured using calibrated glucometers and classified thus; normal (≤6 mmol/l), pre-diabetes (6.1–6.9 mmol/l), and diabetes (≥7 mmol/l). Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics, chisquare and binary logistic regression tests at value of p < 0.05. Results: There was a female preponderance for diabetes and pre-diabetes. Majority, 63.4% had no formal education, 82.9% earned less than NGN18,000 ($50) per monthly income. The mean FPG was 5.50 ± 2.20 mmol/l. The overall prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes in the study were 4.6 and 6.0% respectively. Conclusion: This study shows high prevalence of diabetes and pre-diabetes among residents of Oke-Ogun. DM is more common in the females, and in those below the age of 61 years. The high pre-diabetes prevalence might imply an impending diabetes epidemic among the indigene of Oke-Ogun. Family history of diabetes, a surrogate of genetics is an important association of DM in the study. A large proportion of the residents were in abject poverty, a critical factor to be considered in their management.



prevalence, diabetes, pre-diabetes, Oke-Ogun, Oyo State, Nigeria