The Implications of Globalisation on Security and Development: A Study of Boko Haram Insurgency and Niger Delta Militancy in Nigeria

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Faculty of Arts, Unilorin


One of the most important and widely discussed ideologies that were initiated in the later part of the last millennium is globalisation. Globalisation is as a result of the advancement in communication and information technology, which has helped in the integration of different cultural, social, religious and economic activities across national boundaries. With the advancement of globalisation also came a lot of opportunities that facilitated growth and development in Nigeria. Despite tremendous benefits of globalisation, no meaningful development has occurred in Nigeria with the spate of insurgency in different parts of Nigeria. In the last seven years, since 2009 to be precise, Nigeria has been battling with insecurity as a result of insurgency, and this has become the major social problem in the country. Radicalisation and violent extremism have been at the root of the Boko Haram insurgency in Nigeria. This has threatened the survival of the Nigerian nation. Boko Haram insurgency has also resulted in massive loss of lives and property including mass movement of people from the North Eastern region of Nigeria to other parts of Nigeria, resulting in more social pressure and challenges for individuals, families and the country. Kidnapping, indiscriminate and senseless killing of Nigerians, armed robbery, business closure and militancy in the Niger Delta region, had been the major security tasks for the government before the problem of the Boko Haram insurgency was added to the list of our national challenges. This paper takes a historic-structural, multi-disciplinary approach and analytic views of this menaces and concludes that these socio-economic and political problems are as a result of the short-changing of Nigerians by the colonial masters and their current Nigerian cohorts in power.



Globalisation, Security, Development, Insurgency, Militancy