Women's Reproductive Rights in Nigeria and Human Rights Question

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Center for Peace and Development Studies, University of Maiduguri


Human rights of women are embodied in international, regional and national instruments. Foremost is the universal declaration of human rights (1948) which stipulates that in Article 1 that all human beings are born free and equal in dignity and rights. As an important development during the world conference on human rights held in Vienna in June, 1993, is the declaration that: the rights of women and indeed of the girl child are inalienable, integral and indivisible part of universal human rights, the full and equal participation of women in political, civil, economic, social and cultural life, at national, regional and international levels, and the eradication of all forms of discrimination against women on grounds of sex are priority objectives of international community. This signifies a major step in concretizing the recognition and promotion of women's human rights. This has led to the establishment of conventions on the elevation of status of women. Landmark is the Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women 1979 (CEDAW). The CEDAW provisions are meant to respect, protect, prevent and promote women's rights. The convention unequivocally prohibits discrimination against women on the basis of their sex and enjoins state parties to take appropriate measures, including legislation,to modify or abolish existing laws, regulations, custom and practices that constitute discrimination against women




Human rights, Declarations, Discrimination, Convention, Elimination