Psychosocial consequences of stigmatization of people living with HIV/AIDS as perceived by undergraduates of University of Ilorin, Kwara State Nigeria.

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Department of Science Education, Federal University of Technology, Minna. Nigeria


The main focus of this study was to investigate the psychosocial consequences of Stigmatization on people living with HIV/AIDS as perceived by undergraduate of University of Ilorin, Kwara State, Nigeria. In other to achieve this objective, a questionnaire titled Psychosocial Consequences of Stigmatization of PLWA Questionnaire (PCSPQ) was administered to 500 undergraduate students of University of Ilorin. Items on this instrument were adapted. The questionnaire was divided into two sections. Section A contained the demographic data while section B was designed to elicit information on the Psychosocial Consequence of Stigmatization of People Living with HIV/AIDS. The Four-Point Likert type response format was adopted for use in section B as thus; Strongly Agree - 4points, Agree - 3 points, Disagree - 2 points and strongly Disagree-1 point. A reliability co-efficient of 0.60 was obtained; hence the instrument was statistically reliable. The descriptive survey method was adopted for this study.The age range were 16-21 years and above. Five faculties were randomly selected out of the fourteen (14) faculties in the University, using the dip-hart method. They include; Faculties of Education, Business and Social Sciences, Art, Science and Communication and Information Science. Simple random sampling technique was employed in selecting one hundred respondents from each of these Faculties. In carrying out the research, five null hypotheses were generated and tested using the t-test and Analysis of Variance (ANOVA) statistical methods at 0.05 alpha level of significance. Frequency counts, item by item analysis, rank order, simple percentages and mean score of items were also used in the data analysis. The finding of this study shows that the psychosocial consequence of stigmatization on people living with HIV is frustration. From the testing of the hypotheses, it was found that, there was no significant difference in the perception of male and female respondents on the psychosocial consequences of stigmatization of PLWA. Also respondents did not differ in their perception on the basis of class level, ethnicity and religion. However, a significant difference was found on the basis of age. Based on these findings, it was recommended that School authorities should provide adequate education to students on facts about stigmatization as well as the consequences of stigmatization on PLWA. This can be done through the organization of seminars and conferences on the campus.




Psychosocial, Stigmatization, PLWA, Gender