Comparative Analyses of the Inhibitive Influence of Cascabela thevetia and Jatropha curcas Leaves Extracts on Mild Steel


The inhibitive properties of the extracts of Cascabela thevetia and Jatropha curcas were comparatively studied on corrosion of mild steel in H2SO4 acid. The extracts of both plants contained active phytochemical constituents such as tannins, saponins, alkaloids, flavonoids, terpenes and phenols which made them useful as good corrosion inhibitors. The extract concentrations were varied from 0.3 to 1.5 g/L during both the gravimetric and gasometric analyses for an exposure time of 7-28 days. The weight loss of the coupon, corrosion rate, surface coverage and inhibitive efficiency was evaluated for both the extracts. The results of the gravimetric and gasometric analyses indicated that inhibitive efficiency increased with an increase in the concentration of inhibitors and the highest was 55.77% for Jatrophas curcas at the concentration of 1.5 g/L. The weight loss was a little lower for Cascabela thevetia (4.36 g) compared to Jatrophas curcas (4.66 g) at the highest exposure time used (28 days). Cascabela thevetia has a better surface coverage (0.68) than Jatropha curcas (0.61), hence, Cascabela thevetia inhibits better for a 7-day exposure time. However, when the mild steel was further exposed for more than 7 days, Jatropha curcas exhibited a better inhibitive property. The highest and least hydrogen gas evolution was obtained at 0.3 g/L concentration (7 minutes) and 1.5 g/L concentration (1 minute) for both Cascabela thevetia and Jatropha curcas leaves extracts, respectively. Based on the results, the utilization of extracts of Cascabela thevetia and Jatropha curcas leaves as replacements for toxic organic inhibitors in industries are recommended.



Key Words: Mild steel Cascabela thevetia Jatropha curcas Corrosion inhibitor Inhibition efficiency