The Dynamics of Land use and Land Cover Change in Non-Costal Town of Giyani, Limpopo, South Africa

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Department of Urban and Regional Planning, Benue State University, Makurdi


Against the background of that land is considered not only as an essential means of production but also as a basis of human existence, its availability and accessibility requires adequate research attention. It is on this conviction that this study seeks to model the patterns, rate as well as identify the consequences of land modification in Giyani town of South Africa over the last 30 years in order to provide informed sustainable land use management policies and programmes. The study used a supervised classification method for geospatial analysis of available LandSat imageries for 1987, 1997, 2007 and 2017 to analyze the changes in land cover in Giyani using available imageries in Bands. ArcGIS 10.3 software and raster calculator tool to produce change detection maps. Land Consumption Rate and Absorption Coefficient were adopted to respectively measure land consumption by each member of the community and change of urban land consumption. The results were overlaid to obtain a visual representation of the area/extent of changes that occurred over time. The result shows that 781.9ha of vegetation was transformed between 1987 and 2017, this was largely informed by the increased demand for firewood and material for construction, construction of infrastructure, government offices etc. Built-up areas increased in its coverage to about 919.44ha within the three decades (1987-2017). Due to the expansion of the town to the hinterland, bare land was consumed by about 672.87ha within same period with 0.06 LRC in 2017 and 0.09 LAC between 2007 and 2017. The paper underscored vertical growth (smart-city growth concept), while promoting tree planting among Giyani residents to prevent wanton modification.



Land use, Land cover, Non-Coastal city