Effect of Different Protein and Energy Levels on Reproductive Performance of Guinea Hens

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The effect of different protein and energy levels on the reproductive performance of guinea hens was studied using one (100) hundred hens that were randomly allocated to one of the treatment groups. The treatment groups consist of 5 levels of protein (16%, 18%, 20%, 22% and 24%) and 2 levels of energy (2750 and 2850kcal/kg) in a 5 x 2 factorial design. In the experiment that lasted 52 weeks, data were collected on age at first egg, body weight at first egg, egg number, egg weight, egg mass, hen day production and egg quality. The protein levels had significant influence (P<0.05) on age at first egg, egg number, egg mass and hen day production. Feed intake averaged 88.8 – 89.1g on 16 and 22% protein diets and were significantly (P<0.05) lower than 18% (102.0g) and 24% (104.7g). The group on 20% protein performed better (P<0.05) than other protein groups. Body weight at onset of lay and average egg weight did not differ (P>0.05) between the protein groups. The energy levels had no significant effect ((P>0.05) on the different parameters measured. The result of the study suggests that 20% crude protein and 2750kcal/kg ME improve performance of guinea hens in the tropics. Keywords: Guinea hens, protein, energy, egg production



guinea hen, protein, energy