ASSESSMENT OF CLIMATE CHANGE SCENARIOS IN NORTH CENTRAL NIGERIA USING RAINFALL AS AN INDEX

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Date

2015

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Clarion University of Pennsylvania

Abstract

Climate change is the most significant challenge to achieving sustainable development, and it threatens to drag millions of people into grinding poverty (World Bank, 2014). While many across Africa are dependent on rain fed agriculture for sustenance, a changing climate could be devastating. Assessment of the climate change scenario in the North central Nigeria was carried out using rainfall as an index. Results showed increasing trends of 0.22mm, 3.38mm per annum for Lokoja and Abuja stations respectively while I1orin, Jos and Kaduna stations each exhibited a decline of 0.18mm, 0.23mm and 0.44mm per annum respectively. However for the whole North central region of Nigeria, a positively significant trend in rainfall with a predicted increase of 0.58mm of rainfall per annum was observed. Based on the prediction, rainfall increase of 14.49 from what was observed in 2013 (the base year) is expected by 2042. Various adaptation strategies that can be put in place to safeguard the region from extreme weather events that can emanate from such climatic scenario were suggested.

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Keywords

Climate Change, Drought, Flood, Rainfall, Crop, Adaptation Strategies

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