Development and Evaluation of Land Use Planning Framework Based on Major Accident Hazard Facility


The identification of more hazard facilities with respect to land use planning (LUP) to solve the adverse consequences that threatens nature and human life. There is an urgent need for better understanding of the current regulations and frameworks of major hazard facility (MHF) siting in order to adapt a strategic approach for LUP and preventing major accident hazards. This research aims to develop a checklist/framework to study LUP- MHF and validate its effectiveness with practical use in LPG’s site planning. The results of applying this checklist in five LPG siting facilities in Malaysia which stored more than 50 tons in their premises and comparison with various standard of consequence-based method (CBM) applied from several countries show that most of the receptor below 100 m will be exposed to high lethality. However, degree of lethality is reduced when the distance of the receptor is increased. Based on results, French method is more stringent compared to Italy and Malaysia. According to findings from library – based research and practical use of developed checklist/framework in MHF-LUP, the Malaysia method is similar to UK standards that should be revised because there is increasing of 6.67% of the people around the LPG vicinity that could be mentioned as unsafe. The research suggested that to impose additional criteria in between 4 - 12.5 kW/m2 as practiced currently in Malaysia. The iterative cycles of evaluation and assessing the consequences of a number of scenarios, which then serve as a reference for the determination of protection zones around the installation is also suggested to avoid Domino-Effect



Major Hazard Facility, Framework, Environment, Risk management, Checklist