INFLUENCE OF STUDENTS’ IMPROVISED INSTRUCTIONAL MATERIALS IN SENIOR SCHOOL PHYSICS IN ILORIN METROPOLIS, KWARA STATE, NIGERIA

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Date

2020-06

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MULTI-DISCIPLINARY JOURNAL OF RESEARCH AND DEVELOPMENT PERSPECTIVES (MJRDP), UNIVERSITY OF CALABAR, CALABAR, NIGERIA

Abstract

The study comprises of nine (9) Physics teachers and 150 students selected by multistage random sample from Nine Senior Secondary Schools in Ilorin Metropolis in Kwara State. Three instruments designed by the researcher were used to collect data about teachers’ attitude, students’ perception on the improvisation of Instructional materials in teaching – learning activities. Data about dependent variable is the mean score in Physics West African Examinations Council (WAEC) from 2014 to 2019 for each school. The data were analyzed by t-test, Analysis of Variance (ANOVA), Analysis of Covariance (ANCOVA) and Pearson-r statistics at .05 significant level. The findings revealed shortage of instructional materials, inadequate use of available ones and teachers’ making use of local materials to improvise Physics teaching instructional materials. Also, there was no significant effect of gender on students’ achievement in Physics. Thus, Physics teachers need to be resourceful in instructional materials selection, planning and utilization so as to reduce the cost of production and maintenance of instructional materials. The researchers conclude that the utilization of improvised instructional materials promote and enhance effective teaching-learning process, thus, Physics teachers should be encouraged to use them in secondary education programme. It was recommended that government should release more fund into education especially Science Education among others.

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Keywords

: Improvisation, Instructional Materials, Academic performance, Achievement.

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