A GIS Approach to the study of oil Spillage on Agriculture in Jesse Community, Delta State, Nigeria

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Department of Geography and Environmental Management, University of Ilorin, Ilorin.


Oil spillage has been an intractable problem in the Niger Delta region of Nigeria. This paper uses GIS to assess the effects of oil spillage on Agriculture in Jesse Community in the Niger Delta Region of Nigeria. Objectives stated include: capture the various agricultural landuse in the study area over a period of 20 years; identify causes/sources of oil spillage and area affected by the spillage over the years; determine the impact of oil spillage on agricultural land; and evaluate landuse change of the study area. Primary and secondary sources of information were employed to obtain needed data. Landcover were classified with the use of ARCGIS 10.1 software into oil spill area, cultivation, built up areas and vegetation. Findings revealed that the principal cause of spills was attributed to human errors and equipment failure. Result from the supervised classification revealed that oil spillage is increasingly affecting agricultural land use in the study area. The study further revealed that oil spill has a negative and statistically significant impact on agricultural land use in a manner consistent with economic expectation. Using flow accumulation model the vulnerable areas were ranked in order of very low, low, moderate and very high. Recommendation includes qualitative employee training and preventive maintenance culture as remedy to continuous oil spillage.