Kolaviron Protects the brain in Cuprizone-induced Model of Experimental Multiple Sclerosis via enhancement of intrinsic antioxidant mechanisms: Possible Therapeutic Applications?

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Date

2018

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Volume Title

Publisher

Pathophysiology

Abstract

Multiple sclerosis is a demyelinating condition of the central nervous system which commonly affects young adults. Kolaviron, a biflavonoid isolate of Garcinia kola, has been used in experimental studies which explored its anti-oxidative, anti-inflammatory and anti-genotoxic properties. This work was aimed at unraveling the possible ameliorative effect of kolaviron on cuprizone-induced demyelination in the prefrontal cortices of Wistar rats. A total of 28 adult male Wistar rats were divided into four groups A–D. Group A received corn oil (Control), group B received 0.2% Cuprizone, group C received kolaviron (200 mg/kg bw), while group D rats were treated concomitantly with both kolaviron and cuprizone. All groups were treated for 42 days, after which behavioral, histological, immunohistochemical and biochemical analyses were carried out on the prefrontal cortices. Cuprizone significantly down-regulated the level of superoxide dismutase, exacerbated lipid peroxidation and, reduced spatial memory. Cuprizone also induced peripheral and central chromatolysis alongside with atrophied astrocytes in the prefrontal cortex. These alterations were significantly prevented in kolaviron-treated rats, as kolaviron sustained the integrity of neuronal and non-neuronal cells. The activity of kolaviron observed in this study was due toits intrinsic antioxidant properties, which enabled it to combat oxidative damage induced by cuprizone,thereby making kolaviron a potential tool in neurodegeneration therapy of demyelination origin.

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Keywords

Multiple sclerosis, Kolaviron, prefrontal cortex, cuprizone

Citation

pii: S0928-4680(18)30013-0

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