The Limitations of Fundamental Human Rights in Nigeria: A Critical Analysis

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Political Science Review


Human rights are those inalienable rights vested on man from birth. These rights are so fundamental that, they have found their ways into constitutions of many countries both in the developed and developing world. In Nigeria, for example, these rights are enshrined in Chapter IV of the 1999 Constitution of Nigeria (as amended). Every Nigerian citizen is guaranteed these rights; these rights are only restricted in application subject to the overriding interest of the Nigerian nation. Therefore, this paper examines these rights as enshrined in the 1999 Constitution of the Federal Republic of Nigeria (as amended), and the extent to which an individual can exercise such rights in the society. Keywords:Limitations, Law, Fundamental Rights, Constitution, Republic of Nigeria Introduction Man, undoubtedly co-exists in the society with some forms of norms, traditional, beliefs, values and customs. These values include certain inalienable rights that are fundamental to the smooth functioning of man in the society. It is on this basis that these rights need to be safeguarded and protected for a just and egalitarian society; otherwise the society shall be reduced to a state of anarchy. Notwithstanding, these rights inherent in man, which though arise from the very nature of man as social animal recognized and protected in a civilized legal order, they are not to be exercised to injure any other person, group or the society at large. The paper is divided into five sections. Section one embodies the abstract and introduction to the paper. Section two discusses the conceptual clarification of fundamental human rights. Section three discusses the fundamental human rights as embodied in the Constitution of Nigeria. Section four discusses the limitations of the fundamental human rights



Fundamentals, Human Rights, Nigeria