Prevalence and Pattern of Antibiotics Use among residents of Ilorin Metropolis in North Central Nigeria

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Journal of Science and Practice of Pharmacy.


Prevalence of inappropriate use of antibiotics is a common practice all over the world. In the face of current global economic downturn, a large number of countries are facing serious health challenges, with people finding it difficult to meet their health needs. The objective of this study was to assess the prevalence and pattern of antibiotic use among the residents of Ilorin. Methods: The study was a cross sectional study with a-14 item questionnaire to assess the pattern of use of antibiotics among residents of Ilorin. A total of 350 interviewer administered questionnaires were used for the study. Data obtained include demographic, knowledge and pattern of antibiotic use. The data obtained were entered into SPSS version 16 and analyzed and results were presented descriptively in the texts, tables and charts. Chi square was used as inferential statistics for categorical variables using cross tabulation of results to determine level of significance. P-value ˂ 0.05 was considered significant. Results: The prevalence of antibiotic misuse was 85.6%. The most commonly misused antibiotic was ampicillin-cloxacillin (49%) followed by metronidazole (45.1%) and tetracycline (38.0%). The most common ailments for self- medication were skin disease (59.1%), diarrhea / dysentery (52.1%) and cough. There was significant relationship between level of education and knowledge of antibiotics (p=0.001). Level of education was also significantly associated with their knowledge of whether antibiotic should be used based on prescription or not (p=0.009). However, respondents’ gender did not influence their use of antibiotics without prescriptions (p=0.66). Conclusion: The prevalence of misuse of antibiotics in Ilorin metropolis was high and cut across all adults, gender and educational level. Ampicillin/cloxacillin, tetracycline and metronidazole were the leading antibiotics misused by the residents in the study area.



Prevalence, antibiotics, inappropriate use, health challenges


Jamiu M.O., Giwa A., Bello I. K., Abu Saeed K. (2017). Prevalence and Pattern of Antibiotics Use among residents of Ilorin Metropolis in North Central Nigeria. Journal of Science and Practice of Pharmacy. 3 (1); 97-104